Nalgonda District

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Nalgonda District is a district in Andhra Pradesh. It has a population of 3,247,982 of which 13.32% is urban as of 2001.


[edit] Description

Towns in the district include Nalgonda, Suryapeta, Kodad, Miryalguda , Kattangur, Bhongir, Bhoodhan Pochampally, Alair, Narkatpalli, Huzurnagar, Devarakonda, Yadagirigutta,Rajapet,Mothkur and Nakrekal.

The rivers Krishna, Musi River, Aleru, Peddavagu, Dindi and Paleru flow through Nalgonda district.

There are 2 major irrigation projects in Nalgonda:

1. Nagarjuna Sagar and 2. Alimineti Madhava Reddy Project (previously known as Srisailam Left Bank Canal)

The minor irrigation projects in the district are:

1. Moosi Reservoir 2. Dindi Reservoir

[edit] Demographics

The district has a population of 3,238,449 and covers an area of 14,240 km² (2001 census). The literacy rate is 58%.

[edit] Places to visit in Nalgonda District

  • Somappa Temple (Somavaram): 7 km from Miryalaguda, 150 km from Hyderabad, which is famous for the Shivalayam temple, which is more than 2000 years old. This is located on the banks of the Musi river. It was reconstructed two years ago.
  • Nagarjuna Sagar: 60 km from Nalgonda and 150 km from Hyderabad. Sagar, as it is called in Nalgonda, has the world's highest masonry dam and a Buddhist site dating back to the 3rd century BCE. The Buddhist site, Nagarjuna Konda, is situated in the reservoir of the dam. It is named after the Buddhist monk Acharya Nagarjuna who was instrumental in spreading Buddhism in this part of the country.
  • Panagal: 3 km from Nalgonda town. Panagal has temples dating to the 12th century Kakatiya period and the Krishnadevaraya period.
  • Yadagiri Gutta: Holy shrine of Sri Lakhsmi Narasimha Swamy. Located about 60km from Hyderabad.
  • Bhongir Fort: 90 km from Nalgonda, 50 km from Hyderabad. Bhongir has a huge fort on a hill built in the 12th century by Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI , a Chalukya king.
  • Cheruvugattu-18km from Nalgonda on the way to Hyderabad. a famous temple in the vicinity.
  • Huzurnagar: 47 km from Nalgonda, 16 km from Kodad, Hyderabad.
  • Samalonibavi
  • Jinnaychintha 36 km from Nalgonda, 106 km from Hyderabad famous for farming (Bathai Palla Thotalu).
  • Pillalamarri: 2 km from Suryapet, 134 km from Hyderabad on the route to Vijayawada, famous for a Shivalayam temple which is more than 1000 years old.
  • Undrugonda: 2 km from Suryapet, 140 km from Hyderabad on the route to Vijayawada, famous for the Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple which is more than 900 years old.
  • Phanigiri: Near Suryapet, a Buddhist centre.
  • Nakrekal: 110 km from Hyderabad NH 9, famous for the palm toddy (Kallu) which is good for health, suggested by the world doctors' association WHO Chicago[citation needed].

[edit] Transport

Air: The nearest airport is in Hyderabad at a distance of 149 km.

Rail: The nearest railway station is Macherla, which is 29 km from Nagarjuna Sagar.

Bus: Regular service from Hyderabad to Nagarjuna Sagar.

[edit] Yadagirigutta

The town acquired its name and fame from a sage called Yadarishi, son of the great sage Rishyasrunga who did penance inside a cave with the blessings of Anjaneya on this hill between Bhongir and Raigiri in Nalgonda district.Pleased with his deep devotion, Lord Narasimha (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu) appeared before him in five different forms as Jwala, Yogananda, Gandabherunda, Ugra and Lakshminarasimha. They later manifested themselves into finely sculpted forms that later came to be worshipped as Panchanarasimha Kshetram. As the legend goes, the Lord appeared first as Jwala Narasimha (Lord as a flame); when Yadarishi was unable to face the intensity of this apparition, he appeared in a peaceful form as Yoganarasimha (Lord in a Yogic Padmasana posture with open palms on the knees). Not satisfied with the Lord appearing alone, Yadarishi sought to see him with his consort, so he is said to have appeared with Lakshmi on his lap, known as Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, and being worshipped by Alwars, his ardent devotees.

To see these three forms one has to go through an entrance that narrows itself into a dark cave (which in fact is surmised as the urga (fiery) form of Narasimha (the fourth form) because it was beyond the strength of a sage to see that form) and gandabherunda ( the garuda pakshi or the eagle) is the fifth form of the Lord which is said to have been found sculpted in rock underneath the Anjaneya, known as 'Kshetrapalaka' (or the one who ruled over that hill). All these forms are known as " swayambhu" or self emanated. Yadarishi is said to have been granted his wish that the place where the Lord appeared will be known by his name as Yadagiri (giri means hill in Sanskrit, and gutta which means a hillock in Telugu seems to have been a latter-day suffix) and that Lord Lakshmi Narasimha will be worshipped for many years to come.

[edit] Chaya Somalingeswara Temple

Mystic Doorway "Chaya" (shadow) Somalingeswaraswamy temple. It is an amazing fact that there is an everlasting shadow formed any time of the day on the presiding deity. One has been unable to figure out what or which pillar casts the shadow above the linga placed on the ground, as the temple is surrounded by many pillars. Hence the deity acquired its name from this mysterious shadow. It is a major attraction in Nalgonda and people have been amazed by this mystery since time immemorial. Many devotees throng this temple during Sivarathri.

[edit] Ethipothala Waterfalls

Eleven km downstream from the dam are the Ethipothala Waterfalls, set in a beautiful valley. The Chandravankas stream here plunges from a height of 21.3 metres into a lagoon, and flows on through a green valley much frequented by tourists.

These beautiful and refreshing waterfalls, about 60 metres high, originate from the Chandravanka river. They are about 21 km east of Nagarjuna Konda and named after a priest (ethi) who meditated in the caves above "apathalla", meaning "upper place". There are also some cave temples in the area, worshipped in by the locals.

The area of Ettipotala water falls will comes under Guntur District and this area is close to (about 15km) the Nagarjunasagar Reservoir and it is a very good tourist spot with a rare temple of "LORD VISHNU".

[edit] Nandikonda

Nandikonda is a small village on the bank of River Krishna. It is about 64.37-km from Miryalaguda. The most important structure discovered was the Ikshvaku citadel with its great fortification wall, ditch, gates and army barracks inside and a great rectangular stadium.

[edit] Kolanupaka

It is located 6-km from Aler and 80-km from Hyderabad, and is a place of much historical importance. It was once a prosperous city covering an area of 93.24-kms and the ruins of old fortifications can still be seen. It gained prominence when it was made the alternate capital of the Kalyani Chalukyas in the 11th century AD.

[edit] Bhoodhan Pochampally

Bhoodhan Pochampally, located near the capital city of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, is probably one of the most flourishing center of modern handloom industry and producing ikat saris on a large scale. The weavers in Pochampally are basically Hindus of the Padmashali community who have been residents for long and have thus adopted the local dialect and social norms. These weavers produce ikat textiles withgeometrical designs, and have also recently started experimenting with all-Indian styles.It is believed that ikat technique was brought to Pochampally from Chirala, another town in Andhra Pradesh, a couple of generations ago, perhaps as early as 1915 when the workshops in Chirala are said to have been weaving ikat saris, turbans etc. One of the reasons why Pochampally saris find a better market in India and abroad is, the weavers use modern synthetic colors instead of the expensive vegetable dyes for dying, thereby not only bringing down the cost of production, but also getting a chance to be more creative by trying out complex designs.Since the 1960's Pochampally ikat-weavers were influenced by the paolu designs of Gujarat. The reasonsfor this influence could be many. Migration of the weavers could be one of them. However, there are some experts who feel that more than migration it could be influence of the print media, which could be one of the major reasons. "Weavers have probably seen the Gujarati designs either in a magazine or might have actually seen one of the patola fabrics. It is also possible that weavers came across the designs at a handloom exhibition and copied the design," say some experts.

[edit] Pillalamarri

Beautiful paintings, exquisitely carved pillars and several ancient inscriptions may be seen in the Kakatiyas temples here. This historic was the birthplace of the famous Telugu poet Pillalamarri Pina Veerabhadrudu.

[edit] Rachakonda

Situated 64-km from Nalgonda it is a place of tourist importance. The 'Dasavatara' sculptures in a cave near Pattabhigutta and the five temples in the town are excellent specimens of Kakatiya art and architecture. Situated among hill ranges, Rachakonda is a place of considerable archaeological interest.

[edit] Bhongir Fort

Bhongir fort was built on an isolated rock by the western Chalukya ruler Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI and was thus named after him as Tribhuvanagiri. This name gradually became Bhuvanagiri and subsequently Bhongir. At the foot of the fortified rocks 609.6 meters above the sea level stands the town of Bhongir. The splendid historical fort with the awe-inspiring rock and the aesthetically fortified courts which have stood the ravages of time stir the imagination of the tourists. The Bala Hisar or citadel on the top of the hill gives a bird's eye view of the neighbouring area. The fort is associated with the herioc queen Rudramadevi and her grandson Prataparudra's rule. The fort is located upon a single hill at an altitude of 500 feet. Built is the 12th century the fort spreads over an area of 40 acres

[edit] Wadapally

6000 years ago sage Agasthya Maharshi installed the idols of Sri Meenakshi Agasteswara and Sri Laxmi Narsimha at holy SANGAM of Krishna and Musi rivers in Wadepalli village of Miryalguda Mandal. For thousands of years the temple place remained in dense forest. During the time of excavation the idols of Lord Shiva were found in the temple and reinstalled the same. Once a hunter was chasing a bird, the bird wanted to save its life. So it hid behind the idol of Lord Shiva by covering it with its wings. Lord Shiva appeared to the hunter and asked him not to kill the bird. Lord Shiva assured the hunter that he would offer his brain instead of bird. Then the hunter agreed to him and had the brain of Shiva by inserting his fingers. As he did so, holes were made on his head. Goddess Ganga rose out of the holes, soon after this incident. There are holes on the SIVA LINGAM in which 10 figures can be inserted. Even after taking large quantities of water from the holes, the level of water does not go down. Once Sri Shankaracharya visited the temple along with his diciples.They wanted to find out the reason as to why the water level is not going down therefore they tied a thread to spoon and dropped it into the hole then it went inside deep and stopped. When they pulled up the thread, they found blood stains on that, then realised their mistakes and begged pardon from the God.

[edit] Pangal

The shrines of Panagal constitute perhaps the finest examples of the medieval deccan temples. The temple complex consists of the main shrine dedicated to Siva with the Nandi mandapa in front. The architecture of the temple is the finest. It has 66 pillars. The four central pillars of the mandapa are highly ornate at the bottom and, on them, the scenes from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata are depicted. The perfected-screen pattern on the flanks in various dancing poses displays the supreme workmanship accomplished during that period. Dancers and hair styles also adorn the outer walls. These are specially noted for their graceful carving. The beauty of their proportion and the vibrant texture of the shapes which enrich the exterior and their impressive clarity testify the architectural genius of their builders. They also reveal the high perfection reached by the sculptors and architects of that age. The Kakatiya Stapati mastered the idioms of the earlier Chalukya style. The Chayala Somesvara temple is yet another temple near Panagal. The temple is known for the Chhaya (shadow) of Siva Linga which is said to be stationary from sunrise to sunset. The technique of the architect is unique. It is regarded as the most imaginative work of the Kakatiya architecture. The temple also contains valuable inscriptions of Rudramba's time. The most conspicuous feature of the Pandya style was the emergence of the monumental gateway or Gopuram which is the dominant point of temple complex. The walls of the temples imposed an ornamental appearance. The gateways are treated with rich plastic decorations

[edit] Mattapalli

The Temple of Sri Laxmi Narsimha Swamy , a famous pilgrimage is situated here on the banks of rever Krishna . Major celebrations take place during the Vykunta Ekadasi in January & Kalyana Mahotsvam in May.

[edit] Devarakonda Fort

The prosperous kingdom of Devaraknoda was established by the “Padma Nayaka Veluma Rajas” choosing the Devaraknoda fortress as the Autonomously ruled palace and they reigned supreme from 1287 to 1482 A.D. with much pomp and Glory. The Second Maada Naidu is the eight kings of these Padma Nayaka lineages.

[edit] Rajapeta Fort

This Rajapeta is popularly known as "Samsthan Rajapeta", which a historical place. Here we will found Historical buildings known as Khilas(Forts).But unfortunately the authorities are ignoring this preciuos village which is an historical place of Nalgonda district. Couple of times this mandal is treated as Adarsha Mandal of Nalgonda district.The Rajapeta mandal consisting of 19 villages and grampanchayats.

The main occupation of people here is agriculture and powerlooms, due to continued drought here people are started migrating to Hyderabad city as the city is nearer by around 75 Kilometers.

[edit] Buddha Statue

Nagarjuna Sagar in an important Buddhist site located 150 kms from Hyderabad. The historic location takes its name from the Buddhist saint and scholar Acharya Nagarjuna who is said to have set up a centre of learning here. Today, Nagarjuna Sagar is home to Nagarjuna Sagar Dam - the world's tallest masonry dam that irrigates over 10 lakh acres of land. It was during the building of the dam that the ruins of an ancient Buddhist civilization were excavated here. Some of the relics unearthed have been carefully preserved on a picturesque island called Nagarjuna Konda, located in the centre of a man-made lake. The vestiges of a sacred Buddhist stupa, vihara, monasteries, a university and a sacrificial altar have been carefully reconstructed at Anupu on the east bank of the reservoir.

[edit] Problems faced by Nalgonda people

Clean drinking water, water supply for irrigation and educational facilities for all are perhaps the most important problems Nalgonda faces right now.

Nearly 500 villages in Nalgonda district are affected by the high fluorine content in water. It is estimated that nearly 1 million people are affected by Fluorosis in Nalgonda district.

[edit] See Also

[edit] External Links

Districts Of Andhra Pradesh

Adilabad DistrictAnantapur DistrictChittoor DistrictKadapa District (Cuddapah) • East Godavari DistrictGuntur DistrictHyderabad District (India)Karimnagar DistrictKhammam DistrictKrishna DistrictKurnool DistrictMahbubnagar DistrictMedak DistrictNalgonda DistrictNellore DistrictNizamabad DistrictPrakasam DistrictRanga Reddy DistrictSrikakulam DistrictVisakhapatnam DistrictVizianagaram DistrictWarangal DistrictWest Godavari District

List of Mandals in Nalgonda District

AlairAnumulaAtmakur (M)Atmakur (S)BhuvanagiriBibinagarBommalaramaramChandam PetChandurChilkurChintha PalleChityalaChivvemlaChoutuppalDameracherlaDevarakondaGaride PalleGundalaGundla PalleGurrampodeHuzurnagarJaji Reddi GudemKangalKattangoorKethepalleKodadM TurkapalleMarri GudaMattampalleMellachervuMiryalagudaMotheyMothkurMunagalaMunugodeNadigudemNakrekalNalgondaNampalleNarayanapurNarketpalleNered CherlaNidamanurNuthankalPedda AdiserlapallePeddavuraPenpahadPochampalleRajapetRamannapetaSaligouraramSuryapetThipparthiThirumalagiriThripuraramThunga ThurthiValigondaVemulapalleYadagirigutta

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