Name of the Indian Years Sixty Years

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The year is defined as 12 months, each of which is of 30 days in length i.e., the year is only 360 days long. Consequently, the calendar falls regularly out of date and is adjusted by introducing an additional month every so often. The additional month, called Adhika Maasa meaning literally an extra month, cycles through all the twelve months. No religious ceremonies or festivals are observed during the adhika maasa. There are 60 such year names and the cycle of years repeats every sixty years starting from Prabhava.

  1. Prabhava
  2. Vibhava
  3. Shukla
  4. Pramodoota
  5. Prajotpati
  6. Angeerasa
  7. Sreemukha
  8. Bhaava
  9. Yuva
  10. Dhaatu
  11. Eeswara
  12. Bahudhanya
  13. Pramadi
  14. Vikrama
  15. Vrusha (Vishu)
  16. Chitrabhanu
  17. Svabhanu
  18. Tarana
  19. Pardhiva
  20. Vyaya
  21. Sarvajittu (2007-2008)
  22. Sarvadhari (2008-2009)
  23. Virodhi (2009-2010)
  24. Vikruti (2010-2011)
  25. Khara
  26. Nandana
  27. Vijaya
  28. Jaya
  29. Manmadha
  30. Durmukhi
  31. Hevilambi
  32. Vilambi
  33. Vikari
  34. Sharvari
  35. Plava
  36. Shubhakrutu
  37. Shobhakrutu
  38. Krodhi
  39. Vishvaavasu
  40. Parabhava
  41. Plavanga
  42. Keelaka
  43. Soumya
  44. Sadharana
  45. Virodhikrutu
  46. Pareedhani
  47. Pramadeecha
  48. Ananda
  49. Rakshasa
  50. Nala (naLa)
  51. Pingala
  52. KaLayukti
  53. Siddhaardhi
  54. Raudri
  55. Durmati
  56. Dundubhi
  57. Rudhirodgari
  58. Raktakshi
  59. Krodhana
  60. Akshaya


[edit] Uttara and Dakshina Aayanas

The year is split into two halves, Uttharaayana and Dakshinaayana, based on the direction of Sun's apparent motion across the sky. The period of sun's six months in northern orbit is called Uttarayana. As the sun begins its journey north, it is believed that the Devas awaken from their slumber and start their day. This period id considered to be the path of light and very auspicious. We find that in Mahabharata, Bhishma waited until uttarayana to leave the world.

This is considered to be the darler path, and to be the night of the Devas. The other half of the year, during which the Sun's movement is southerly is called Dakshinaayana.

[edit] Sankramana

During a year, Sun's motion causes it to travel the entire Zodiac. The entrance of the Sun into each individual constellation is called sankramana and there are twelve such sankramanas (one month in length roughly). One important sankramana is the makara sankramana, which happens when Sun enters the Makara or Capricorn since it signals the beginning of Uttharaayana. In Andhra Pradesh, this is celebrated as the festival, Makara Sankranthi, and usually occurs on January 13 or January 14.

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