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Srikakulam (Telugu - శ్రీకాకుళం) is a Town, Municipality and Headquarters of Srikakulam District in the north-eastern Andhra Pradesh, India. Srikakulam Town has a population of 109,666 (agglomeration 117,066) (2006 census). River Nagavali flows through Srikakulam town. There is also a historical old bridge on river Nagavaly in the town that was constructed by British colonial rulers around 1799 and still in use but restricted for light vehicles. Srikakulam town is located at (lat: 18o18' N, lon: 83o54' E).


[edit] About Srikakulam

By virtue of being in Andhra Pradesh, the primary language is Telugu. However, since it shares a border with the East Indian state of Orissa,some people speak oriya also . Like most of the coastal districts in Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam is an agrarian community. Srikakulam town is located near National Highway 5 that exists from Kolkata to Chennai and it is 9 kilo meters far from Srikakulam Road railway station located on Howrah-Chennai mainline. Most of the long distance trains halt at Srikakulam Road railway station. Srikakulam Road railway station is surrounded by Amadalavalasa town. Recent developments including industrial investment and the establishment of degree granting colleges have made it similar to several small Indian towns - developing very fast but hampered by a lack of infrastructure.

Religious and Tourist places in Srikakulam district:

Sri Kurmam (dedicated to Vishnu's kurma-avatara or tortoise-avatara), Mukhalingam, Srimukhalingeswara Swamy Temple. Arasavalli (one of the few Hindu Sun Temples), Salihundam (Buddhist viharas and stupas dating back to 2 AD were excavated here). The nearest beach is Kallepalli but Kalingapatnam beach is mostly patronised. Santhikshetram, a temple built in year 2000 maintained by Satya Sai Seva Samithi near Arasavalli temple serves its visitors free of cost by providing food and shelter since year 2000 especially during Radhasapthami and Maghamasam(10th month in Telugu Calendar).

[edit] Facts and figures

Wherever, possible data is from the 2001 Census of India.)

  • Area: 5837 square kilometres.
  • Total population: 25,284,900.
  • Urban population: 2,782,000.
  • Rural population: 22,502,900.
  • Population dDensity: 433 persons/square kilometre.
  • Population growth: +8.9% over the last decade.
  • There are five major towns in the District of Srikakulam:
  • Srikakulam,
  • Amadalavalasa,
  • Rajam,
  • Palasa,
  • Itchapuram.

Palasa is known for cashew nuts. Rajam is main business centre from where Grandhi Mallikarjuna Rao hails who is featured in the top 500 billionaires list of Frobes. Srikakulam district has 180 kilometres of sea shore.

[edit] Parliamentary constituency

Srikakulam is a Lok Sabha constituency in Parliament of India.

[edit] Members of Parliament

  • 1952, 1957, 1962, 1971, 1977 and 1980 - Boddepalli Rajagopala Rao
  • 1967 - N.G. Ranga
  • 1984 - Hanumanthu Appayya Dora
  • 1989 and 1991 - Kanithi Vishwanatham
  • 1996, 1998, 1999 and 2004 - Yerrannaidu Kinjarapu

[edit] Development and economy

Literacy Rate: 55.9% Workers in total population: 48.6% (of which 78% agriculture, 15% services). The sand along the coast of Srikakulam district is rich in monazite and several other heavy mineral sand deposits. Transportation: Well-connected on the mainline rail(there is also branch line from Naupada village of Srikakulam district to Gunupur of Orissa). National Highway-5 and other district and local roads connect towns and villages of Srikakulam district. The nearest commercial airport is Vishakhapatnam.

[edit] Geography

Srikakulam is located at 18.3° N 80.9° E. It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet).

[edit] Demographics

As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Srikakulam had a population of 109,666. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Srikakulam has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 65%. In Srikakulam, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

[edit] Trivia

The British who could not pronounce many Indian names called it "Chicacole". Former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh and famous actor, NT Rama Rao was a legislator from Tekkali in Srikakulam district.

[edit] See Also

[edit] External Links

List of Mandals in Srikakulam District

AmadalavalasaBattiliBhaminiBurjaEtcherlaGanguvari SingadamKaligapatnamHiramandalamIchchapuramJalumuruKanchiliKavitiKotabommiliKothuruLaveruMandasaMeilaputtiNandigamNarasannapetaPalakondaPalasaPathapatnamPolakiPonduruRajamRanastalamRegidiamadalavalasaSanthabommaliSanthakavitiSaravakotaSarubujjiliSeethampetaSompetaSrikakulamTekkaliVajrapukothuruVangaraVeeraghattam

Districts Of Andhra Pradesh

Adilabad DistrictAnantapur DistrictChittoor DistrictKadapa District (Cuddapah) • East Godavari DistrictGuntur DistrictHyderabad District (India)Karimnagar DistrictKhammam DistrictKrishna DistrictKurnool DistrictMahbubnagar DistrictMedak DistrictNalgonda DistrictNellore DistrictNizamabad DistrictPrakasam DistrictRanga Reddy DistrictSrikakulam DistrictVisakhapatnam DistrictVizianagaram DistrictWarangal DistrictWest Godavari District

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